Lecturer in International Relations
Director, CGLG
Steering Committee, Institute for Legal and Constitutional Research

Personal website
School of IR profile

Pillars: peace and security; rights and ethics

Keywords: IR theory; norms; weapons; international humanitarian law; international justice; outer space


Adam joined the School of International Relations in October 2015. His research explores how international norms and multilateral treaties shape the behaviour of actors in the international system. Theoretically, he works primarily within the constructivist IR tradition and its intersection with processes of contestation and strategic action. Substantively, his work addresses questions of institutional change and efficacy concerning conventional weapons disarmament, international justice (International Criminal Court), and space governance.

In addition to his roles with the CGLG and ILCR, Adam is also a member of the St Andrews Centre for Exoplanet Science. Adam was previously a Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada postdoctoral fellow at the University of Oxford (Department of Politics and International Relations and Nuffield College) and a Max Weber Postdoctoral Fellow at the European University Institute in Florence, Italy. He received his PhD in Political Science from the University of British Columbia in 2012.


Bower, Adam. 2020. “Entrapping Gulliver: The United States and the Antipersonnel Mine Ban.” Security Studies 29 (1): 128-161.

Bower, Adam. 2020. “Negotiating Responsibility in Conventional Weapons Disarmament.” In The Rise of Responsibility in World Politics, edited by Antje Vetterlein and Hannes Hansen-Magnusson. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 55-73.

Bower, Adam. 2019. “Contesting the International Criminal Court: Bashir, Kenyatta, and the Status of the Non-Impunity Norm in World Politics.” Journal of Global Security Studies 4 (1): 88–104.

Bower, Adam. 2017. Norms Without the Great Powers: International Law and Changing Social Standards in World Politics. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Bower, Adam. 2015. “Norms Without the Great Powers: International Law, Nested Social Structures, and the Ban on Antipersonnel Mines.” International Studies Review 17 (3): 347–73.

Bower, Adam. 2015. “Arguing with Law: Strategic Legal Argumentation, US Diplomacy, and Debates over the International Criminal Court.” Review of International Studies 41 (2): 337–60.

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