PhD Candidate, International Relations

Thesis title: U.S. and UK Approaches to ‘Responsibility to Protect’: Perceptions and Realities From the Libyan and Syrian Case Studies


Josephine is a final-year PhD candidate in International Relations at the University of St Andrews. Her research utilises the 2011 outbreaks of state-sponsored mass atrocities in Libya and Syria as case studies for assessing why there were variations among US and UK senior officials concerning the translation of the “Responsibility to Protect” doctrine (R2P) into practice. Her other research interests include, but are not limited to: international human rights, laws, norms, and institutions; U.S. and UK foreign policy and security; and international relations of the Middle East and North Africa. Her current positions include Academic Tutor in International Relations; Research Assistant to Dr. Fiona McCallum Guiney; Fellow at the Centre for Global Law and Governance (University of St Andrews); and Research Associate at the Institute for Middle East, Central Asian, and Caucasus Studies (University of St Andrews).


Jackson, J. (2019). “The United States’ Perceptions of the R2P in Libya and Syria: To Militarily Intervene or Not to Intervene?” In Sancin, Vasilka, (ed.), Responsibility to Protect: Lessons Learned and The Way Forward, 89-105. Faculty of Law, University of Ljubljana: Ljubljana, Slovenia.